<%@LANGUAGE="JAVASCRIPT" CODEPAGE="65001"%> Blitz Map Clydebank


Bomb map Clydebank 1941

This map, compiled and designed by the artist in 1983, is included as part of the artist's research for the paintings titled "Map" It shows the town of Clydebank as it was in 1941. It contains detailed information of the damage caused by the raids of 13th and 14th March and illustrates the devastating accuracy and concentration of the attack

The circles that surround the red bomb hits indicate the explosive category of individual bombs and are drawn at 'severe blast damage diameter'. The smaller rings indicate 50kg bombs, and progressively, 250 kg bombs, 500kg bombs. The largest rings,' Parachute Mines', weighing almost 1 metric ton, had a severe blast damage radius of around half of one mile and are shown on the map at 'half damage scale' for clarity.

Thousands of incendiaries fell in the target area. Incendiary damage is shown by yellow spots. These do not indicate individual incendiaries but buildings destroyed by incendiary devices. Buildings are colour coded in a range from pink, totally destroyed - to black. minor damage.

In total only 7 houses out of a stock of 12,000 remained undamaged. Approximately 4,000 destroyed, 4,500 severely damaged and 3,500 in the serious to minor damage category.

In total 400+ high explosive bombs and mines fell in an area of less than two square miles, not including the 96 high explosive bombs that fell on the primary target, the oil tanks at Dalnottar to the north west of the town, or the 190 bombs that fell in the boundaries of the nearby villages of Duntocher, Hardgate, Bowling and Old Kilpatrick. 132 bombs fell in the Kilpatrick hills, aimed at decoy fires west of Cochno.

The greatest damage was caused by incendiaries. On the first night of the raid 1,630 containers of incendiary bombs were dropped by the Luftwaffe.  On the second night 782 containers were dropped.

Incendiary numbers are difficult to calculate exactly. Unless an aircraft was fully loaded with incendiary bombs, it was the general practice to load aircraft to their 'large bomb' carrying capabilities with high explosive bombs then fill the remaining load capacity with incendiaries. 

To accommodate this practice incendiary containers ranged in weight from the AB 42 containing 42 1kg bombs to the BSB 700 containing 702 1kg bombs. If the smallest container, AB 42, is multiplied by the number of containers stated  it equals a minimum of  101,304 1kg incendiaries. 

According to German sources a total of 503 metric tons of high explosive bombs and 2,412 containers of incendiaries were dropped on Clydeside on the 13th and 14th March 1941. A total of 439 aircraft took part in the raids.

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